Egypt’s Canine Heritage: Top 6 Egyptian Dog Breeds

Egyptian Dog Breeds

Explore the rich history of Egyptian dog breeds, dating back to ancient times.

Bred with distinct purposes such as hunting, herding, and protection, these breeds showcase unique characteristics.

In this guide, we’ll delve into six notable Egyptian dog breeds and provide insights into their traits.

Additionally, we’ll highlight breeds to approach with caution.

Breed Characteristics

Characterized by intelligence, high energy, and athleticism, Egyptian dog breeds have a history rooted in hard work.

Bred for specific purposes, these dogs thrive with ample physical and mental stimulation.

Ideal for active pet owners or those capable of spending significant time with their pets, these breeds may not be suitable for Arctic climates or humid tropics.

Their bodies are adapted to the hot, dry deserts, or North African Mediterranean climates.

Understanding these characteristics is crucial for ensuring a compatible and thriving relationship between these unique dogs and their owners.

6 Egyptian Dog Breeds

Armant (Egyptian Sheepdog)


The Armant, also known as the Egyptian Sheepdog, is renowned for its exceptional loyalty and strong bond with its owner.

This breed seamlessly integrates into family life, proving to be particularly adept at coexisting with children.

In Egypt, the Armant is extensively employed as a herding dog, showcasing its intelligence and versatility in various roles.

Breed overview

Breed Armant (Egyptian Sheepdog)
Weight 55-77 lbs (25-35 kg)
Length 21-26 inches (53-66 cm)
Coat Color Black, Brown, Brindle
Life Expectancy 10-12 years

Pharaoh Hound

Pharaoh Hound

Regarded as one of the oldest domesticated dogs in recorded history, the Pharaoh Hound is a captivating blend of elegance and rugged athleticism.

This breed is recognized for its prowess in sprinting, making it a remarkable hound.

Beyond its physical attributes, the Pharaoh Hound exhibits high intelligence, loyalty, and affection, making it an exceptional companion deeply rooted in historical significance.

Breed overview

Breed Pharaoh Hound
Weight 45-55 lbs (20-25 kg)
Length 21-25 inches (53-63 cm)
Coat Color Tan, Red, Chestnut
Life Expectancy 12-14 years

Ibizan Hound

Ibizan Hound

Known for its athleticism, speed, and agility, the Ibizan Hound is a breed that thrives on both physical and mental stimulation.

Highly intelligent, this dog requires activities that cater to its energetic nature.

Owners of the Ibizan Hound often find joy in engaging it in various forms of exercise, highlighting its adaptability and need for a stimulating environment.

Breed overview

Breed Ibizan Hound
Weight 45-65 lbs (20-29 kg)
Length 22-29 inches (56-74 cm)
Coat Color White, Red, Tan
Life Expectancy 12-14 years



The Saluki, recognized for its grace, speed, and impressive endurance, stands out as a breed that combines elegance with athleticism.

Highly intelligent, Salukis require both physical and mental stimulation to thrive.

These dogs excel in various activities, from agility courses to long runs.

Owners of Salukis often find themselves captivated by their dog’s regal appearance and intelligence, making them cherished companions for those who appreciate a blend of beauty and brains.

Breed overview

Breed Saluki
Weight 40-60 lbs (18-27 kg)
Length 23-28 inches (58-71 cm)
Coat Color Cream, Fawn, Red, Black & Tan
Life Expectancy 12-14 years



The Basenji, a breed celebrated for its intelligence, independence, and affectionate nature, offers a unique combination of traits.

Known for its adaptability, Basenjis can thrive in various living conditions, making them suitable for diverse households.

Their independence does not diminish their affectionate nature, and Basenjis often form strong bonds with their owners.

Renowned for their unique vocalization, described as a “barroo,” Basenjis add a touch of charm to any home they inhabit.

Breed overview

Breed Basenji
Weight 22-24 lbs (10-11 kg)
Length 16-17 inches (41-43 cm)
Coat Color Red, Black, Brindle, Tricolor
Life Expectancy 12-14 years

Baladi Street Dog


The Baladi Street Dog, a mixed breed commonly found on the streets of Egypt, is a testament to adaptability.

Thriving in various living conditions, these dogs have become an integral part of Egyptian street life.

While their mixed heritage adds to their uniqueness, it’s their resilience and ability to adjust that truly sets them apart.

Despite facing the challenges of street living, Baladi Street Dogs showcase an incredible capacity to adapt and, when given a chance, can become loyal and loving companions in a home environment.

Breed overview

Baladi Street Dog
Medium-sized generally means between 20 and 60 pounds
Length Varies
Coat Color
Brown, beige, black, and white
Life Expectancy 12 to 14 years

Breeds to Avoid

When searching for an Egyptian dog breed, it’s advisable to steer clear of toy breeds, many Asian dog breeds, or those with lower energy levels.

Egyptian breeds are typically bred for high-energy drives, necessitating substantial physical and mental stimulation.

Choosing breeds aligned with these characteristics ensures a better match for the dog’s natural tendencies and overall well-being.



Egyptian dog breeds have a rich history and are known for their intelligence, athleticism, and high energy.

These breeds require a lot of physical and mental stimulation and are better suited to pet owners who are active or can spend a significant amount of time with their pets.

By understanding the characteristics of these breeds, you can choose the right one for your lifestyle and provide them with the care they need to thrive.


What are some common characteristics of Egyptian dog breeds?

Egyptian dog breeds are known for their intelligence, high energy, and athleticism. They require a lot of physical and mental stimulation and are better suited to pet owners who are active or can spend a significant amount of time with their pets.

What are some Egyptian dog breeds to avoid?

It’s a good idea to avoid toy breeds, most Asian dog breeds, or those with lower energy levels when looking for an Egyptian dog breed.

What is the history of Egyptian dog breeds?

Some of the oldest dog breeds can be traced back to ancient Egypt. It’s often suggested that it was the ancient Egyptians that domesticated dogs. A tomb dating back to 3500 BC shows a painting of a man walking a dog on a leash. These dogs closely resemble the ancient civilization’s hieroglyphs and tomb drawings of Egypt.

What are some common health issues in Egyptian dog breeds?

Some common health issues in Egyptian dog breeds include hip dysplasia, eye problems, and skin allergies.

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