What Do Hedgehogs Eat? A Guide to The Perfect  Hedgehog’s Diet

what do hedgehogs eat

Exploring the dietary needs of hedgehogs is crucial if you’re contemplating them as pets, given their adorable and distinctive nature.

This article delves into what hedgehogs consume, the ideal feeding practices, and a guide on what to avoid.

A solid understanding of their nutritional necessities is fundamental for ensuring the well-being and contentment of these charming, spiky companions.

Let’s delve into the essential aspects of hedgehog nutrition to keep them thriving in your care.

What Do Hedgehogs Eat?

Hedgehogs, being omnivores, have a diverse diet that includes insects, snails, worms, and some plant material in the wild.

For pet hedgehogs, replicating this natural diet is crucial to provide the essential nutrients required for their well-being.

It’s important for owners to ensure that the food provided closely resembles the nutritional composition of what hedgehogs consume in their natural habitat.

This approach contributes to the overall health and vitality of these delightful companions.


Common Types of Food That Hedgehogs Eat

Hedgehogs have a varied diet, and their natural food sources include a wide range of invertebrates and, occasionally, other small animals and plant matter.

Some common types of food that hedgehogs eat include:


Hedgehogs primarily feed on invertebrates such as beetles, earwigs, caterpillars, earthworms, and millipedes.

These insects provide essential nutrients and are a significant part of their natural diet.

Meat-based foods

In addition to invertebrates, hedgehogs can consume meat-based foods.

This can include high-quality, meat-based wet dog or cat foods, or dry cat/kitten food, which should be the primary component of their diet when kept as pets.

Supplementary foods

Hedgehogs can also benefit from supplementary foods such as specially made hedgehog food, which resembles pet food with a high meat content.

This food is widely available and can be offered in a shallow dish in a sheltered area of the garden, especially during periods when their natural food sources may be scarcer.

Fruits and vegetables

While in the wild, hedgehogs may occasionally consume fruits and vegetables, these should be offered sparingly as treats.

Fresh fruits such as apples, bananas, berries, and melons, as well as vegetables like fresh tomatoes, green beans, and cooked squash, can be offered in small amounts.

What to Feed Hedgehogs?


Ensuring the proper nutrition for pet hedgehogs is paramount, and high-quality commercial hedgehog food is a key component of their diet.

These specialized foods are meticulously formulated to meet the specific nutritional requirements of hedgehogs.

They typically encompass a balanced mix of protein, fat, and fiber, essential for the overall well-being of these charming companions.

In addition to commercial hedgehog food, incorporating a variety of insects into their diet is highly beneficial.

Insects such as mealworms, crickets, and waxworms are rich in protein, a vital element in a hedgehog’s nutritional intake.

Offering this diversity not only caters to their dietary needs but also adds an engaging aspect to their feeding routine.

When to Feed Hedgehogs

Given that hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures, meaning they are most active during the night, it’s advisable to schedule their main meal during the evening or early night.

This timing aligns with their natural behavior, ensuring they can consume their food when they are most alert and active.

Understanding the nocturnal nature of hedgehogs provides valuable insights into their feeding habits.

By offering their primary meal during their peak activity hours, owners can support their pets in maintaining a more natural and comfortable eating routine. 

What Should You Not Feed Hedgehogs?


Knowing what foods to avoid is just as crucial as understanding what to include in a hedgehog’s diet.

Steering clear of certain items helps prevent potential health issues and ensures the well-being of these delightful pets.

Here are some details on foods that should be avoided when feeding hedgehogs:

Fatty or sugary foods

Foods high in fats and sugars can lead to obesity and other health complications in hedgehogs.

These creatures thrive on a balanced diet, and excessive intake of fatty or sugary treats can disrupt their nutritional equilibrium, potentially causing long-term health problems.

Citrus fruits

Hedgehogs should avoid citrus fruits due to their high acidity.

Citrus fruits can upset their stomach and digestive system, leading to discomfort and potential health issues.

Opting for fruits with lower acidity levels ensures a safer and more digestible choice for these pets.

Dairy products

Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant, meaning they lack the enzymes necessary to digest lactose found in dairy products.

Feeding them dairy can result in digestive issues, including stomach upset and diarrhea.

It’s essential to refrain from offering any dairy items to maintain their digestive health.

Raw meat

While meat is a natural part of a hedgehog’s diet, offering raw meat poses a risk of bacterial contamination.

Cooking meat before feeding it to hedgehogs eliminates potential pathogens, ensuring a safer and healthier option.

Raw meat can harbor harmful bacteria that may compromise the hedgehog’s well-being.



Ensuring the health and well-being of hedgehogs hinges on a comprehensive understanding of their dietary requirements.

Offering a well-rounded diet that mirrors their natural food sources is paramount.

This includes incorporating commercial hedgehog food and a diverse array of insects.

This approach guarantees that your pet hedgehog obtains the necessary nutrients crucial for its overall thriving and vitality.

Providing a diet that aligns with their natural dietary preferences is a fundamental aspect of responsible hedgehog care.


Can hedgehogs eat fruits and vegetables?

While some fruits and vegetables can be offered as occasional treats, they should not be a significant part of their diet. Stick to foods that are specifically formulated for hedgehogs and insects for their primary nutrition.

How can I ensure my pet hedgehog is getting the right nutrients?

Offering high-quality commercial hedgehog food, supplementing with insects, and providing fresh water are the best ways to ensure your pet hedgehog’s nutritional needs are met.

Are there any signs that my hedgehog is not eating well?

Weight loss, decreased activity, and changes in stool appearance can indicate that your hedgehog is not eating well. If you notice these signs, it’s essential to consult a veterinarian.

Can hedgehogs eat dog or cat food?

No, hedgehogs should not be fed dog or cat food, as it does not provide the specific nutrients they need. Stick to food formulated for hedgehogs to ensure their dietary requirements are met.

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